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Would shared health visitor and emergency department records improve recognition of child maltreatment within the emergency department? A prospective multicentre study

Nuttall, Diane, Rea, David, Bennett, C. Verity, Hollén, Linda, Mullen, Stephen, Maguire, Sabine, Emond, Alan, Kemp, Alison and Deave, Toity 2020. Would shared health visitor and emergency department records improve recognition of child maltreatment within the emergency department? A prospective multicentre study. Child Abuse Review 29 (6) , pp. 518-528. 10.1002/car.2641

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Abstract

Burns are common causes of paediatric emergency care attendance; approximately ten per cent result from maltreatment. Following emergency department (ED) attendance with a burn by 232 under five‐year‐olds, 11 risk factors for maltreatment were collected via health visitor (HV) telephone surveys. Three of these risk factors (domestic violence, social care involvement and developmental impairment) were also available in ED records, and information collected was compared between the two. Non‐parametric Fisher's exact tests were applied. Fifty‐nine per cent of children lived in families with risk factors for maltreatment. Prominent risk factors known by HVs included: prior injuries (n = 55, 23.7%), carer/parent mental health problems (n = 48, 20.7%), domestic violence (n = 47, 20.3%) and social care involvement (n = 45, 19.4%). A total of 158 cases had complete data for all 11 risk factors: 49 (31.0%) lived in households with one factor, 22 (13.9%) with two factors and 27 (17.1%) with three or more risk factors. In cases where HVs recorded the following risk factors as present, EDs recorded five of 47 (10.6%) for domestic violence, ten of 45 (22.2%) with social care involvement and four of 23 (17.4%) with developmental impairment. Many risk factors that were known to HVs were not identified by EDs staff despite being part of a standardised proforma. Maltreatment risk assessment could be improved if EDs staff had access to HV information.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0952-9136
Date of Acceptance: 7 January 2021
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 12:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/137787

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