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GASTON: Galactic Star Formation with NIKA2. Evidence for the mass growth of star-forming clumps

Rigby, A. J., Peretto, N., Adam, R., Ade, P., Anderson, M., André, P., Andrianasolo, A., Aussel, H., Bacmann, A., Beelen, A., Benoît, A., Berta, S., Bourrion, O., Bracco, A., Calvo, M., Catalano, A., De Petris, M., Désert, F.-X., Doyle, S., Driessen, E. F. C., García, P., Gomez, A., Goupy, J., Kéruzoré, F., Kramer, C., Ladjelate, B., Lagache, G., Leclercq, S., Lestrade, J.-F., Macías-Pérez, J. F., Mauskopf, P., Mayet, F., Monfardini, A., Perotto, L., Pisano, G., Ponthieu, N., Revéret, V., Ristorcelli, I., Ritacco, A., Romero, C., Roussel, H., Ruppin, F., Schuster, K., Shu, S., Sievers, A., Tucker, C. and Watkins, E. 2021. GASTON: Galactic Star Formation with NIKA2. Evidence for the mass growth of star-forming clumps. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 502 (3) , pp. 4576-4596. 10.1093/mnras/stab200

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Abstract

Determining the mechanism by which high-mass stars are formed is essential for our understanding of the energy budget and chemical evolution of galaxies. By using the New IRAM KIDs Array 2 (NIKA2) camera on the Institut de Radio Astronomie Millimétrique (IRAM) 30-m telescope, we have conducted high-sensitivity and large-scale mapping of a fraction of the Galactic plane in order to search for signatures of the transition between the high- and low-mass star-forming modes. Here, we present the first results from the Galactic Star Formation with NIKA2 (GASTON) project, a Large Programme at the IRAM 30-m telescope which is mapping ≈2 deg2 of the inner Galactic plane (GP), centred on ℓ = 23.9∘, b = 0.05∘, as well as targets in Taurus and Ophiuchus in 1.15 and 2.00 mm continuum wavebands. In this paper we present the first of the GASTON GP data taken, and present initial science results. We conduct an extraction of structures from the 1.15 mm maps using a dendrogram analysis and, by comparison to the compact source catalogues from Herschel survey data, we identify a population of 321 previously-undetected clumps. Approximately 80 per cent of these new clumps are 70 μm-quiet, and may be considered as starless candidates. We find that this new population of clumps are less massive and cooler, on average, than clumps that have already been identified. Further, by classifying the full sample of clumps based upon their infrared-bright fraction – an indicator of evolutionary stage – we find evidence for clump mass growth, supporting models of clump-fed high-mass star formation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0035-8711
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 January 2021
Date of Acceptance: 20 January 2021
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2021 13:19
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/137945

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