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A facile synthesis of diaryl pyrroles led to the discovery of potent colchicine site antimitotic agents

Romagnoli, Romeo, Oliva, Paola, Salvador, Maria Kimatrai, Manfredini, Stefano, Padroni, Chiara, Brancale, Andrea, Ferla, Salvatore, Hamel, Ernest, Ronca, Roberto, Maccarinelli, Federica, Rruga, Fatlum, Mariotto, Elena, Viola, Giampietro and Bortolozzi, Roberta 2021. A facile synthesis of diaryl pyrroles led to the discovery of potent colchicine site antimitotic agents. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 214 , 113229. 10.1016/j.ejmech.2021.113229
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Three different series of cis-restricted analogues of combretastatin A-4 (CA-4), corresponding to thirty-nine molecules that contained a pyrrole nucleus interposed between the two aryl rings, were prepared by a palladium-mediated coupling approach and evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against six human cancer cell lines. In the two series of 1,2-diaryl pyrrole derivatives, results suggested that the presence of the 3′,4′,5′-trimethoxyphenyl moiety at the N-1 position of the pyrrole ring was more favorable for antiproliferative activity. In the series of 3,4-diarylpyrrole analogues, three compounds (11i-k) exhibited maximal antiproliferative activity, showing excellent antiproliferative activity against the CA-4 resistant HT-29 cells. Inhibition of tubulin polymerization of selected 1,2 pyrrole derivatives (9a, 9c, 9o and 10a) was similar to that observed with CA-4, while the isomeric 3,4-pyrrole analogues 11i-k were generally from 1.5- to 2-fold more active than CA-4. Compounds 11j and 11k were the only compounds that showed activity as inhibitors of colchicine binding comparable to that CA-4. Compound 11j had biological properties consistent with its intracellular target being tubulin. This compound was able to block the cell cycle in metaphase and to induce significant apoptosis at a concentration of 25 nM, following the mitochondrial pathway, with low toxicity for normal cells. More importantly, compound 11j exerted activity in vivo superior to that of CA-4P, being able to significantly reduce tumor growth in a syngeneic murine tumor model even at the lower dose tested (5.0 mg/kg).

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0223-5234
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 15 February 2021
Date of Acceptance: 24 January 2021
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 17:55

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