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Genome sequence analysis and insecticidal characterization of Bacillus thuringiensis Bt-UNVM_94, a strain showing dual insecticidal activity against lepidopteran and coleopteran pests

Peralta, Cecilia, Sauka, Diego Herman, Perez, Melisa, Onco, Maria Ines, Fiodor, Angelika, Caballero, Javier, Caballero, Primitivo, Berry, Colin, del Valle, Eleodoro E and Palma, Leopoldo 2021. Genome sequence analysis and insecticidal characterization of Bacillus thuringiensis Bt-UNVM_94, a strain showing dual insecticidal activity against lepidopteran and coleopteran pests. Presented at: 1st International Electronic Conference on Toxins (IECT 2021), Virtual, 16-31 January 2021. MDPI AG, 10.3390/IECT2021-09139

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Abstract

Bacillus thuringiensis is a gram-positive and spore-forming bacterium that synthesizes a wide diversity of proteins with insecticidal activity and which has demonstrated its potential and safety as a biocontrol agent for more than four decades. However, several susceptible insect species have been reported for evolving resistance, which demands screening for strains exhibiting novel insecticidal properties. In this work, we performed the genome sequence analysis and the insecticidal characterization of B. thuringiensis strain Bt-UNVM_94 isolated from Argentina. This strain produced quasi symmetric bipyramidal parasporal crystals as shown using Scanning Electron Microscopy. Its genomic sequence harbours one coding sequence showing homology to the crystal toxin Cry7Ga2 and another, with similarity to the Mpp2Aa3 (Mtx2) toxin. Known Cry7A and Cry7B are known to be active against some coleopteran and lepidopteran larvae, respectively. However, bioassays performed with spore-crystal mixtures of strain Bt-UNVM_94 exhibited dual toxicity with 50% and 91% mortality against Cydia pomonella (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and Anthonomus grandis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), respectively. No toxicity was detected against the free-living nematode Panagrellus redivivus (Rhabditidae: Panagrolaimidae). This strain also showed no PCR amplification of the type I b-exotoxin thuE gene, consistent with the absence of mortality in b-exotoxin bioassays with Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae). Screenings of novel B. thuringiensis strains may provide toxins with novel insecticidal properties that can be used to suppress insect resistance to the most used B. thuringiensis-crops in the field.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Status: In Press
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: MDPI AG
ISSN: 2504-3900
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 April 2021
Date of Acceptance: 13 January 2021
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2021 13:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/140433

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