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The diplomonad fish parasite Spironucleus vortens produces hydrogen

Millet, Coralie Ode, Cable, Joanne and Lloyd, David 2010. The diplomonad fish parasite Spironucleus vortens produces hydrogen. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 57 (5) , pp. 400-404. 10.1111/j.1550-7408.2010.00499.x

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The diplomonad fish parasite Spironucleus vortens causes major problems in aquaculture of ornamental fish, resulting in severe economic losses in the fish farming industry. The strain of S. vortens studied here was isolated from an angelfish and grown in Keister's modified TY-I-S33 medium. A membrane-inlet mass spectrometer was employed to monitor, in a closed system, O2, CO2, and H2. When introduced into air-saturated buffer, S. vortens rapidly consumed O2 at the average rate of 62±4 nmol/min/107 cells and CO2 was produced at 75±11 nmol/min/107 cells. Hydrogen production began under microaerophilic conditions ([O2]=33.±15 μM) at a rate of 77±7 nmol/min/107 cells. Hydrogen production was inhibited by 62% immediately after adding 150 μM KCN to the reaction vessel, and by 50% at 0.24 μM CO, suggesting that an Fe-only hydrogenase is responsible for H2 production. Metronidazole (1 mM) inhibited H2 production by 50%, while CO2 production was not affected. This suggests that metronidazole may be reduced by an enzyme of the H2 pathway, thus competing for electrons with H+.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Uncontrolled Keywords: diplmonad fish parasite; Hexamitidae; hydrogenase; mass spectrometry; metronidazole; Spironucleus vortens
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1066-5234
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:35

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