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Detecting relics of a thermal gravitational wave background in the early Universe

Zhao, Wen, Baskaran, Deepak and Coles, Peter 2009. Detecting relics of a thermal gravitational wave background in the early Universe. Physics Letters B 680 (5) , pp. 411-416. 10.1016/j.physletb.2009.09.018

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A thermal gravitational wave background can be produced in the early Universe if a radiation dominated epoch precedes the usual inflationary stage. This background provides a unique way to study the initial state of the Universe. We discuss the imprint of this thermal spectra of gravitons on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectra, and its possible detection by CMB observations. Assuming the inflationary stage is a pure de Sitter expansion we find that, if the number of e-folds of inflation is smaller than 65, the signal of this thermal spectrum can be detected by the observations of Planck and PolarBear experiments, or the planned EPIC experiments. This bound can be even looser if inflation-like stage is the sub-exponential.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0370-2693
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2020 03:55

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