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The NF- B inhibitor LC-1 has single agent activity in multiple myeloma cells and synergizes with bortezomib

Walsby, Elisabeth Jane, Pratt, G., Hewamana, Saman, Crooks, P. A., Burnett, Alan Kenneth, Fegan, Christopher Daniel. and Pepper, Christopher John 2010. The NF- B inhibitor LC-1 has single agent activity in multiple myeloma cells and synergizes with bortezomib. Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 9 (6) , pp. 1574-1582. 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-10-0104

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Multiple myeloma remains incurable with conventional therapeutics. Thus, new treatments for this condition are clearly required. In this study we evaluated the novel NF-κB inhibitor LC-1 in multiple myeloma cell lines and plasma cells derived from multiple myeloma patients. LC-1 was cytotoxic to multiple myeloma cell lines H929, U266, and JJN3, and induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner with an overall LD50 of 3.6 μmol/L (±1.8) after 48 hours in culture. Primary multiple myeloma cells, identified by CD38 and CD138 positivity, had a mean LD50 for LC-1 of 4.9 μmol/L (±1.6); normal bone marrow cells were significantly less sensitive to the cytotoxic effects of LC-1 (P = 0.0002). Treatment of multiple myeloma cell lines with LC-1 resulted in decreased nuclear localization of the NF-κB subunit Rel A and the inhibition of NF-κB target genes. In addition, LC-1 showed synergy with melphalan, bortezomib, and doxorubicin (combination indices of 0.72, 0.61, and 0.78, respectively), and was more effective when cells were cultured on fibronectin. These data show that LC-1 has activity in multiple myeloma cell lines and primary multiple myeloma cells, and its ability to inhibit NF-κB seems important for its cytotoxic effects. Furthermore, LC-1–induced transcriptional suppression of survivin and MCL1 provides a potential explanation for its synergy with conventional agents.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Publisher: American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN: 1535-7163
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2020 04:18

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