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Re-examining the ontogeny of substantia nigra dopamine neurons

Gates, Monte A., Torres, Eduardo Miguel, White, Anna, Fricker-Gates, Rosemary A. and Dunnett, Stephen Bruce 2006. Re-examining the ontogeny of substantia nigra dopamine neurons. European Journal of Neuroscience 23 (5) , pp. 1384-1390. 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2006.04637.x

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Recently, the need to detail the precise ontogeny of nigrostriatal dopamine neurons has grown significantly. It is now thought that the gestational day on which the majority of these neurons are born is important not only for maximizing the yield of primary cells for transplantation but also for extracting suitable dopamine neural precursors (as stem cells) for expansion in vitro. Historically, peak ontogeny of substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) dopamine neurons in the rat has been considered to occur around embryonic day (E)14. However, such a concept is at odds with recent studies that reveal not only that substantial numbers of tyrosine hydroxylase-immunopositive cells reside in the ventral mesencephalic region of rats at E14 but that many of these cells have matured extensive axonal projections to the ventral forebrain. Here, then, the ontogeny of SNc neurons in rats commonly used as a source of donor tissue for experimental cell transplantation in animal models of Parkinson's disease has been re-examined. Using a combination of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) administration at E11, E12, E13 or E14 with immunocytochemical stainings for both BrdU and tyrosine hydroxylase after 4 weeks of postnatal development, this characterization reveals that the vast majority (perhaps 80%) of SNc dopamine neurons are probably born on E12 in Sprague-Dawley rats. Such findings are important in refining the use of embryonic tissues for primary cell transplantation and may provide more precise timing for identifying the cellular and molecular events that drive neural stem cells toward a dopaminergic phenotype during development.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0953-816X
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 07:29

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