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Effects of surgical anaesthesia on the viability of nigral grafts in the rat striatum

Dunnett, Stephen Bruce, Torres, Eduardo Miguel, Richards, H. and Barker, R. A. 1998. Effects of surgical anaesthesia on the viability of nigral grafts in the rat striatum. Cell Transplantation 7 (6) , pp. 567-572. 10.1016/S0963-6897(98)00038-4

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Only a small proportion of dopamine neurons in nigral grafts typically survive transplantation into the adult striatum. Since many anaesthetics reduce blood flow and disturb a variety of brain metabolites, surgical anaesthesia may be one of the factors that compromise graft survival. Conversely, the lowered core body temperature induced by some anaesthetics might promote the survival of grafted cells by slowing their metabolism. In an initial screen, the widely-used surgical anaesthetic, equithesin, was found to reduce core temperature, mean arterial blood pressure, and to increase the partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood without producing any significant alteration in arterial pH or the partial pressure of carbon dioxide. In the main experiment, rats with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the nigrostriatal bundle received dopamine-rich embryonic nigral grafts injected into the deafferented neostriatum via previously implanted guide cannulae, which allowed comparison to be made of graft survival after transplantation into awake and in re-anaesthetised animals. There were no significant differences between groups in either the functional effects of the grafts to compensate amphetamine-induced rotation, or in the survival and growth of the grafts as measured in post mortem histology. We therefore conclude that anaesthesia per se is not a major contributory factor in the relatively poor survival of dopamine neurons following transplantation into the rat striatum.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0963-6897
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 07:33

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