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Topological analysis of the major protein in isolated intact rat liver gap junctions and gap junction-derived single membrane structures

Zimmer, D. B., Green, C. R., Evans, William Howard and Gilula, N. B. 1987. Topological analysis of the major protein in isolated intact rat liver gap junctions and gap junction-derived single membrane structures. Journal of Biological Chemistry 262 (16) , pp. 7751-7763.

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Abstract

The topological organization of the major rat liver gap junction protein has been examined in intact gap junctions and gap junction-derived single membrane structures. Two methods, low pH and urea at alkaline pH, were used to "transform" or "split" double membrane gap junctions into single membrane structures. Low pH treatment "transforms" rat liver gap junctions into small single membrane vesicles which have an altered sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis profile after digestion with L-1-to-sylamido-2-phenylethylchloromethyl ketone-trypsin. Alkaline pH treatment in the presence of 8 M urea can split isolated rat liver gap junctions into single membrane sheets which have no detectable structural alteration or altered sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis profile after proteolytic digestion, suggesting that these single membrane sheets may be useful for topological studies of the gap junction protein. Proteolytic digestion studies have been used to localize the carboxyl terminus of the molecule on the cytoplasmic surface of the intact gap junction. However, the amino terminus does not appear to be accessible to proteases or to interaction with an antibody that is specific for the amino-terminal region of the molecule in intact or split gap junctions. Binding of antibodies, that block junctional channel conductance, can be eliminated by proteolytic digestion of intact gap junctions, suggesting that all antigenic sites for these antibodies are located on the cytoplasmic surface of the intact gap junction. In addition, calmodulin gel overlays indicate that at least two calmodulin binding sites exist on the cytoplasmic surface of the junctional protein. The information generated from these studies has been used to develop a low resolution two-dimensional model for the organization of the major rat liver gap junctional protein in the junctional membrane.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN: 0021-9258
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 02:59
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/67000

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