Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

PLETHORA gradient formation mechanism separates auxin responses

Mähönen, Ari Pekka, Tusscher, Kirsten ten, Siligato, Riccardo, Smetana, Ondrej, Díaz-Triviño, Sara, Salojärvi, Jarkko, Wachsman, Guy, Prasad, Kalika, Heidstra, Renze and Scheres, Ben 2014. PLETHORA gradient formation mechanism separates auxin responses. Nature 515 (7525) , pp. 125-129. 10.1038/nature13663

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

During plant growth, dividing cells in meristems must coordinate transitions from division to expansion and differentiation, thus generating three distinct developmental zones: the meristem, elongation zone and differentiation zone1. Simultaneously, plants display tropisms, rapid adjustments of their direction of growth to adapt to environmental conditions. It is unclear how stable zonation is maintained during transient adjustments in growth direction. In Arabidopsis roots, many aspects of zonation are controlled by the phytohormone auxin and auxin-induced PLETHORA (PLT) transcription factors, both of which display a graded distribution with a maximum near the root tip2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. In addition, auxin is also pivotal for tropic responses13, 14. Here, using an iterative experimental and computational approach, we show how an interplay between auxin and PLTs controls zonation and gravitropism. We find that the PLT gradient is not a direct, proportionate readout of the auxin gradient. Rather, prolonged high auxin levels generate a narrow PLT transcription domain from which a gradient of PLT protein is subsequently generated through slow growth dilution and cell-to-cell movement. The resulting PLT levels define the location of developmental zones. In addition to slowly promoting PLT transcription, auxin also rapidly influences division, expansion and differentiation rates. We demonstrate how this specific regulatory design in which auxin cooperates with PLTs through different mechanisms and on different timescales enables both the fast tropic environmental responses and stable zonation dynamics necessary for coordinated cell differentiation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Publisher: Nature
ISSN: 0028-0836
Date of Acceptance: 8 July 2014
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2020 10:30
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/72624

Citation Data

Cited 157 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item