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Early agricultural society in Europe

Whittle, Alasdair 2015. Early agricultural society in Europe. In: Barker, Graeme and Goucher, Candice eds. Cambridge World History Volume 2: A World with Agriculture, 12,000 BCE-500 CE, Vol. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 555-588. (10.1017/CBO9780511978807.023)

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Abstract

Holocene climatic optimum, as the warm and wet conditions of monsoonal China enabled settlements to flourish. Drawing on typological lineages of ceramics, archaeologists group the early Neolithic sites into a number of types of material culture. A flotation programme at Xinglonggou I yielded more than 1,500 charred grains of broomcorn millet, together with about 20 grains of foxtail millet. Stable isotopic analysis has revealed that early Neolithic humans living at Xinglonggou I consumed millet as their staple food. This chapter considers five distinct aspects of Xinglonggou Neolithic lives in association with millet agriculture, landscape, material culture, settlement, production and consumption. The three localities of Xinglonggou are all on the left bank of the Mangniu River to the north of the Qilaotu mountains. Chinese ceramic vessels are simple in form and dominated by the bucket-shaped pot. Many pit structures contained human burials, a feature known from other Xinglongwa cultural sites, such as Xinglongwa, Baiyinchanghan and Chahai.

Item Type: Book Section
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: History, Archaeology and Religion
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521192187
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2021 12:45
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/89357

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