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Residential moving and preventable hospitalizations

Hutchings, Hayley A, Evans, Annette, Barnes, Peter, Demmler, Joanne C., Heaven, Martin, Healy, Melanie A., James-Ellison, Michelle, Lyons, Ronan A., Maddocks, Alison, Paranjothy, Shantini, Rodgers, Sarah E. and Dunstan, Frank 2016. Residential moving and preventable hospitalizations. Pediatrics 138 (1) , e 2015283. 10.1542/peds.2015-2836

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OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between moving home in the first year of life and subsequent emergency admissions for potentially preventable hospitalizations. METHODS: We undertook a cohort analysis of linked anonymized data on 237 842 children in the Welsh Electronic Cohort for Children. We included children born in Wales between April 1, 1999 and December 31, 2008. The exposure was the number of residential moves from birth up to 1 year. The main outcome was emergency admissions for potentially preventable hospitalizations (PPH) between the age of 1 and 5 years. RESULTS: After adjustment for confounders, we identified that moving home frequently in the first year of life was associated with an increased risk of emergency PPH between the ages of 1 and 5 when compared with not moving. We found significant differences associated with ≥2 moves for the following: ear, nose, and throat infections (incidence risk ratio [IRR], 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.29–1.61); convulsions/epilepsy (IRR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.23–2.04); injuries (IRR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.18–1.51); dehydration/gastroenteritis (IRR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.21–1.88); asthma (IRR, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.19–2.16); influenza/pneumonia (IRR, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.00–1.32); and dental conditions (IRR, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.03–1.64) for ≥1 moves. CONCLUSIONS: Children who move home in the first year of life are at substantially increased risk of emergency admissions for PPH in early childhood. Additional research that focuses on enhancing health and social support services for highly mobile families, educating parents about safety risks, and improving housing quality is warranted.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
ISSN: 1098-4275
Funders: Welsh Government New Ideas Social Research Fund, DECIPHer, UK Clinical Research Collaboration, CIIPHER and Farr Institute.
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 July 2016
Date of Acceptance: 4 April 2016
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2019 12:10

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